Theresia Rina Mulyaningsih, Saeful Yusuf



DETERMINATION  OF  MINERALS  CONTENT  IN  LEAVES  OF  MORINGA  OLEIFERA  BY  NEUTRON ACTIVATION ANALYSIS. Moringa oleifera ( Mo) or kelor is a high-value plant,  distributed in many tropical and subtropical countries. This plant can be used as a vegetable,  cosmetic oil, and medicinal plant. The leaves of Mo is rich in essential minerals needed by the body’s health. Moringa oleifera widely cultivated in various places  in  Indonesia,  easily  obtained  and  inexpensive  so  precious  can  be  used  to  overcome  malnutrition. Research on the macro-micro mineral content in Moringa leaves here is still limited. Mineral composition in leaves include  Mo  leaves varies depending on location grow. The purpose of this research is to determine the mineral content in the  leaves of  the Mo  taken from Indonesia. For the preliminary study samples was taken from Central Java to be compared with the results of studies conducted in several other countries. Leaf samples were collected randomly from sampling area. Mineral content in the samples is determined using  Neutron  Activation  Analysis (NAA). Irradiation was carried out at rabbit system of Multipurpose Reactor G.A Siwabessy on neutron flux ~1013 The results obtained  indicate that Mo is rich in  essential minerals, mainly  Ca, Mg, K, Zn, Fe and Cl. Content in dried leaves include: calcium (3.45 % ), magnesium (0.66 %), potassium (3.35 %), chloride (0,25%), iron (147.20 mg/kg), sodium ( 152.52 mg/kg ), zinc (35.71 mg/kg), and manganese (102.10 mg/kg). Mo also contains other minerals such as chromium (4.76 mg/kg), bromine (4.82 mg/kg), cobalt (0.16 mg/kg), and aluminium (150.40 mg/kg) in addition to other element. Compared with the results of existing studies, it shows that mineral composition in Mo leaves varies depending on the location where the plant is grown.

Kata Kunci

Moringa oleifera; leaf; mineral; essential; medicinal plant

Teks Lengkap:




[1]. S. G. Zakul, S. Emmanuel, A. A. Tukur and A. Kabir, “Moringa oleifera: An underutilized tree in Nigeria with amazing versatility: A review “, African Journal of Food Science, 9.9 ( 2015): 456-461.

[2]. Bukar A., Uba A. and Oyeyi T.I., “ Antimicrobial profile of Moringa the Lam. extract against some food–borne microorganisms”. Bayero Journal of Pure and Applied Science, 3.1 (2010): 43-48.

[3]. O. A. Fakankun, J. O. Babayemi and J. J. Utiaruk, “Variations in the mineral composition and heavy metals content of Moringa oleifera”, African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 7.6 (2013): 372-379

[4]. M. Busani, J.M. Patrick, H. Arnold and M. Voster, “Nutritional characterization of Moringa

(Moringa oleifera Lam) leaves” African Journal of Biotechnology, 10.60 (2011): 12925–12933.

[5]. A. Syarifah, R.Tezan, Y. Muflihani, “Kandungan Nutrisi dan Sifat Fungsional Tanaman Kelor (Moringa oleifera)”, Buletin Pertanian Perkotaan, 5.4 (2015).

[6]. T.H. Ganatra, U.H. Joshi, P.N. Bhalodia, T.R. Desai, P.R. Tirgar, “A Panoramic View on Pharmacognostic, pharmacological, Nutritional, Therapeutic and Prophylactic Value of Moringa Oleifera Lam” , IRJP, 3.6 (2012).

[7]. T.S. Anjorin, P. Ikokoh, S. Okolo, “Mineral composition of Moringa oleifera leaves, pods and seeds from two regions in Abuja, Nigeria” Int.J. Agric Biol. 12. (2010) : 431-434.

[8]. N. Bouzid, B. Brahim, G. Brahim, “Multi-element Determination in Medicinal Juniper Tree (Juniperus phoenicea) by Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis”, Journal of Radiation Research and Applied Sciences 8. (2015): 243-246.

[9]. A. Scott McCall, F. C. Cummings, B. Gautam, R. Vanacore, A. P. McCaw, B. G.Hudson, “Bromine Is an Essential Trace Element for Assembly of Collagen IV Scaffolds in Tissue Development and Architecture”. Cell, 157.6 (2014):1380-1392.

[10]. S.A. Sohaimy , G.M. Hamad, S.E. Mohamed, H.A. Mohamed and R. R. Al-Hindi, “Biochemical and functional properties of Moringa Oleifera leaves and their potential as a functional food”, Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science 4.4 (2015): 188-199.

[11]. D.U. Ekaete, D.A. Ukana, E.U. Itoro, “Phytochemical screening and nutrient analysis of Phyllanthus amarus”, Asian Journal of Plant Science and Research, 3.4 (2013): 116-122.

[12]. J. Gupta, A. Gupta, A.K. Gupta, “Determination of Trace Metals in the Stem bark of Moringa Oleifera Lam”, International Journal of Chemical Studies 2.4 (2014): 39-42.

[13]. A. Omokehide, L. Lajide, O. Hammed and O. Babatunde, “Trace Elements and Majors Minerals Evaluation in Fluerya Aestuans Linn (Urticaceae)”, International Journal of Pharma Science, 3.5 (2013): 328-332.

[14]. S.I. Oluwole, A.A. Oluwole, A. Oluwaseun, “Comparative study on nutrient composition, phytochemical, and functional characteristics of raw, germinated, and fermented Moringa oleifera seed flour”. Food Science & Nutrition, 1.(2013): 452-463.

[15]. L. Dospatliev , K. Kostadinov , G. Mihaylova, N. Katrandzhiev, “Determination of heavy metals (Pb, Zn, Cd and Ni) in eggplant”. Trak. J. Sci., 10.2 (2012): 31-35.

[16]. S. Jongrungruangchok, S. Bunrathep and T. Songsak, “Nutrients and Minerals Content of Eleven Different Samples of Moringa Oleifera Cultivated in Thailand”, J Health Res,24.3 ( 2010): 123-127

[17]. C.W. Yameogo, M.D. Bengaly, A. Savadogo, P.A. Nikiema and S.A. Traore, “Determination of Chemical Composition and Nutritional Values of Moringa Oleifera Leaves”, Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 10.3 (2011) : 264-268.

[18]. K.A. Natalia, “Antioxidant Activities, Phytochemical, And Micronutrients Analysis Of African Moringa (Moringa Ovalifolia)”, Thesis Of The University Of Namibia, 2015.

[19]. El - Massry, H. M. Fatma, M. E. M. Mossa and S. M. Youssef, “Moringa Oleifera Plant Value And Utilization In Food Processing”, Egypt. J. Agric. Res., 2013, 91(4):1597-1609.