Identifikasi Deformasi Tektonik Aktif Berdasarkan Ekstraksi Kelurusan Morfologi dan Seismisitas di Sukabumi, Jawa Barat

Rizqi Muhammad Mahbub, Candra Ragil

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17146/eksplorium.2021.42.1.6139

Sari


ABSTRAK Pusat gempa bumi di Sukabumi telah membentuk deformasi bawah permukaan dan kini terekam juga di permukaan. Hal itu termanifestasi melalui geomorfologi kelurusan gawir dan sungai. Ekstraksi kelurusan-kelurusan akibat deformasi geologi tersebut dapat digunakan untuk mengidentifikasi deformasi tektonik aktifnya. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan antara struktur sesar aktif dengan arah dominan kelurusan di daerah penelitian. Metode Edge Enhancing Filtering digunakan untuk menginterpretasi kelurusan secara manual dan semi-otomatis. Data geospasial kelurusan diekstraksi menggunakan formula Sastratenaya untuk mengetahui kronologi kelurusan yang terbentuk. Hasil analisis menggunakan formula Sastratenaya menunjukkan kelurusan-kelurusan yang terekam melalui olah data peta DEM, yaitu segmen 1 berarah N315°E dan segmen 2 berarah N10°E yang diinterpretasikan sebagai hasil reaktivasi sesar. Hal ini dapat diinterpretasikan bahwa Sesar Cimandiri, yang merupakan sesar aktif dengan pergerakan oblique-slip sinistral N88°E/85°rake 33°, memengaruhi arah dua segmen kelurusan di daerah penelitian wilayah Sukabumi, Jawa Barat.


ABSTRACT The epicenter of the earthquake in Sukabumi has formed subsurface deformation which is now also recorded on the surface area. This is manifested through the geomorphology of the scarp and river lineaments. Extraction of lineaments produced by geological deformation can be used to identify its active tectonic deformation. The research objective is to determine the relationship between the active fault structure and the dominant direction of lineaments in the study area. The Edge Enhancing Filtering method is used to interpret lineaments manually and semi-automatically. The lineament geospatial data was extracted using the Sastratenaya formula to determine the chronology of the lineaments formed. The Sastratenaya formula results showed the lineaments recorded by DEM images data processing, the first segment direction is N315°E and the second is N10°E, both are interpreted as the result of fault reactivation. It can be interpreted that the Cimandiri Fault, which is an active fault that has an N88°E/85° rake 33° sinistral oblique-slip fault movement, affects the lineaments direction of two segments in the research area of Sukabumi, West Java.


Kata Kunci


Sukabumi; kelurusan; formula Sastratenaya; citra DEM; sesar aktif

Teks Lengkap:

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Referensi


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