EVALUATION OF NEUTRON SHIELDING PERFORMANCE OF CD-SS 316L AS A CANDIDATE ALLOY FOR DRY CASK OF RESEARCH REACTOR SPENT FUEL

Kuat Heriyanto, Usman Sudjadi, Jaka Rachmadetin, Yuli Purwanto, Pungky Ayu Artiani, Siti Chotijah

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17146/urania.2021.27.2.6426

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EVALUATION OF NEUTRON SHIELDING PERFORMANCE OF CD-SS 316L AS A CANDIDATE ALLOY FOR DRY CASK OF RESEARCH REACTOR SPENT FUEL Development of dry casks is necessary to support the national strategy for management of spent fuels. One of the requirements for the dry cask is shielding performance for neutron emitted by the spent fuels to be stored in the dry cask. The objectives of this study are to determine the emitted neutrons by the spent fuel generated from GAS research reactor and to evaluate the neutron shielding performance of Cd-SS316L alloy as a candidate material to be used in dry cask for the spent fuels.  The former was carried out using Origen 2.1 software, while the latter using MCNP5. The result shows that the emitted neutrons by a spent fuel after 5 years discharged from GAS research reactor were 2.81×103 and 3.32×106 n/s for reactor core power of 15 and 30 MW, respectively. Addition of Cd improves the neutron shielding performance of SS 316L. The evaluation of neutron shielding performance of SS 316L with addition of Cd which is the candidate material for dry cask of the spent fuels from the GAS research reactor can be evaluated using Origen 2.1 software for neutron emission, while the neutron shielding performance was evaluated by the simulation using MNCP 5 software. This study shows the Cd-SS 316L alloy can be used for further study to develop the dry cask design for the GAS research reactor.

Key words: Neutron shielding, cadmium, stainless steel, spent fuel.


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