CHARACTERISTICS OF RADIONUCLIDES ON THORIUM-CYCLE EXPERIMENTAL POWER REACTOR SPENT FUEL

R. Andika Putra Dwijayanto, S.T., Ihda Husnayani, Zuhair Zuhair

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17146/urania.2019.25.2.5525

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CHARACTERISTICS OF RADIONUCLIDES ON THORIUM-CYCLE EXPERIMENTAL POWER REACTOR SPENT FUEL. There are several options of nuclear fuel utilisation in the HTGR-based Experimental Power Reactor (Reaktor Daya Eksperimental/RDE). Although mainly RDE utilises low enriched uranium (LEU)-based fuel, which is the most viable option at the moment, it is possible for RDE to utilise other fuel, for example thorium-based and possibly even plutonium-based fuel. Different fuel yields different spent fuel characteristics, so it is necessary to identify the characteristics to understand and evaluate their handling and interim storage. This paper provides the study on the characteristics of thorium-fuelled RDE spent fuel, assuming typical operational cycle. ORIGEN2.1 code is employed to determine the spent fuel characteristics. The result showed that at the end of the calculation cycle, each thorium-based spent fuel pebble generates around 0,627 Watts of heat, 28 neutrons/s, 8.28x1012 photons/s and yield 192.53 curies of radioactivity. These higher radioactivity and photon emission possibly necessitate different measures in spent fuel management, if RDE were to use thorium-based fuel. Tl-208 activity, which found to be emitting potentially non-negligible strong gamma emission, magnified the requirement of proper spent fuel handling especially radiation shielding in spent fuel cask.

Keywords: RDE, spent fuel, thorium, HTGR, Tl-208.

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p-ISSN 0852-4777 | e-ISSN 2528-0473