### EFFECTS OF FUEL DENSITY ON REACTIVITY COEFFICIENTS AND KINETIC PARAMETERS OF PEBBLE BED REACTOR

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17146/urania.2022.28.1.6625

#### Sari

*EFFECTS OF FUEL DENSITY ON REACTIVITY COEFFICIENTS AND KINETIC PARAMETERS OF PEBBLE BED REACTOR. **Few decades ago **a large number of nuclear reactors were designed to use HEU as the fuel. But the use of HEU is being discouraged since it can be used as a nuclear explosive material which makes its proliferation potential. Most of the HEU-fueled nuclear reactors in the world are either closed or converted into other types that have LEU fuel with ^{235}U enrichment below 20%. To extend lifetime, LEU fuel with high density is developed. The change in fuel density from low to high will also change core neutronics and thermal-hydraulics of the reactor, and as a result, it affects the transient response of the reactor. This paper studies the effects of fuel density on reactivity coefficients and kinetic parameters of pebble bed reactor through several calculations with MCNP6 code combine with ENDF/B-VII.1 continuous energy cross-section nuclear data library. The overall calculation results show that the Doppler temperature coefficient (DTC) increases with increasing fuel density, but the moderator temperature coefficient (MTC) decreases due to hardening of neutron spectrum. Kinetic parameters such as effective delayed neutron fraction (β_{eff}), prompt neutron lifetime(ℓ) and neutron generation time (Ʌ) which significantly reduced with increasing fuel density will strongly affect the reactor control and safety. The results of this work conclude that the selection of 9*

*–*

*15 g/cm*

^{3}fuel density should be considered carefully given that its effect on reactor controllability.*Keywords**: Fuel density, reactivity coefficients, kinetic parameters, MCNP6, ENDF/B-VII.1.*

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