An Approach for Integration of User Requirement and Anthropometry Data in The Process Design of Reactor Main Control Room

Muksin Aji Setiawan, Sigit Santoso, Tulis Jojok Suryono, Kiswanta Kiswanta, Anik Purwaningsih, Restu Maerani, Adhika Enggar Pamungkas, Dian Fitri Atmoko, Dhanu Dwiardhika



The construction of a Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) using Small Modular Reactor (SMR) technology is an interesting scheme to support Net-Zero Carbon Emission. The SMR design is an advanced generation reactor with high safety and utilization features, especially the electricity needed and industry. Its modular size can also be applied to remote areas with lower construction costs compared to other types of power plants. Considering the geographical location and territory of Indonesia which is an archipelagic country, this type of reactor is suitable for application in Indonesia. To ensure safety and increase mastery of technology, it is necessary to create a simulator to support this program. Nonetheless, specific regulations govern human-machine interactions (HMI) which is covering the nuclear reactor simulators in Indonesia is not yet available. The research carried out is a review of the regulations that have been implemented in other countries, then provides a choice of operator condition designs, which are adjusted to the average size of Indonesian by considering anthropometric aspects and ergonomic aspects.

Full Text:



Eko Cahyono W., Parikesit, Joy B., Setyawati W., Mahdi R. Projection of CO2 emissions in Indonesia. Mater. Today Proc. 2022. 63:S438–44. 2. Imran M., Zaman K., Nassani A.A., Dincă G., Khan R., Haffar M. Does nuclear energy reduce carbon emissions despite using fuels and chemicals? Transition to clean energy and finance for green solutions. Geosci. Front. 2023.:101608. 3. Wisnubroto D.S., Sunaryo G.R., Susilo Y.S.B., Bakhri S.B., Setiadipura T. Indonesia’s experimental power reactor program (RDE). Nucl. Eng. Des. 2023. Volume 404(112201) 4. Zhao F., Zou S., Xu S., Wang J., Xu T., Tang D. Safety analysis of marine nuclear reactor in severe accident with dynamic fault trees based on cut sequence method. Nucl. Eng. Technol. 2022. 54(12):4560–70. 5. Hall A., Joe J.C., Miyake T.M., Boring R.L. The evolution of the Human Systems and Simulation Laboratory in nuclear power research. Nucl. Eng. Technol. 2023. 55(3):801–13. 6. Kiser L., Otero L.D. Multi-criteria decision model for selection of nuclear power plant type. Prog. Nucl. Energy. 2023. Volume 159(104647) 7. Kemenaker Peraturan Menteri Tenaga Kerja No 5/2018 K3 Lingkungan Kerja. Peratur. Menteri Ketenagakerjaan Republik Indones. No 5 Tahun 2018. 2018. 5:1–258. 8. Simonsen E., Osvalder A.L. Categories of measures to guide choice of human factors methods for nuclear power plant control room evaluation. Saf. Sci. 2018. 102(October 2016):101–9. 9. Vaurio J.K. Human factors, human reliability and risk assessment in license renewal of a nuclear power plant. Reliab. Eng. Syst. Saf. 2009. 94(11):1818–26. 10. Aghina M.A.C., Mól A.C.A., Jorge C.A.F., Freitas V.G.G., Pereira C.M.N.A., Lapa C.M.F., et al. Non-conventional interfaces for human-system interaction in nuclear plants’ virtual simulations. Prog. Nucl. Energy. 2012. 59:33–43. 11. Xiaoming C., Zhiwei Z., Zuying G., Wei W., Nakagawa T., Matsuo S. Assessment of human-machine interface design for a Chinese nuclear power plant. Reliab. Eng. Syst. Saf. 2005. 87(1):37–44. 12. Carvalho P.V.R., dos Santos I.L., Gomes J.O., Borges M.R.S., Guerlain S. Human factors approach for evaluation and redesign of human-system interfaces of a nuclear power plant simulator. Displays. 2008. 29(3):273–84. 13. Kang J.S., Lee S.J. Concept of an intelligent operator support system for initial emergency responses in nuclear power plants. Nucl. Eng. Technol. 2022. 54(7):2453–66. 14. Malone T.B., Kirkpatrick M., Mallory K., Eike D., Johnson J.H., Walker R.W. Human factors evaluation of control room design and operator performance at Three Mile Island-2. 1980.(04):150. 15. dos Santos I.J.A.L., Teixeira D.V., Ferraz F.T., Carvalho P.V.R. The use of a simulator to include human factors issues in the interface design of a nuclear power plant control room. J. Loss Prev. Process Ind. 2008. 21(3):227–38. 16. Teperi A.-M. Applying human factors in nuclear industry - people as a presence of positive capacity. Hum. Factors Nucl. Ind. 2021.:Pages 25-54. 17. Stevens J., LaFerriere K., Flamand NuScale R. Small Modular Reactor Control Room Workstation Demonstration. Proc. Hum. Factors Ergon. Soc. Annu. Meet. 2019. 63(1):479–80. 18. International Atomic Energy Agency Control room systems design for nuclear power plants. On, Rep. Prep. within Framew. Int. Work. Gr. Instrumentation, Nucl. Power Plant Control. 1995.:1–176. 19. Park J., Boring R.L., Ulrich T.A., Lew R., Lee S., Park B., et al. A framework to collect human reliability analysis data for nuclear power plants using a simplified simulator and student operators. Reliab. Eng. Syst. Saf. 2022. 221:108326. 20. Dhillon B.S. Human Factors and Human Error in Nuclear Power Plant Maintenance. Safety, Reliab. Hum. Factors, Hum. Error Nucl. Power Plants. 2018.:163–80. 21. LaFerriere K., Stevens J., NuScale R.F. Small Modular Reactor Human-System Interface and Control Room Layout Design. Proc. Hum. Factors Ergon. Soc. Annu. Meet. 2019. 63(1):516–20. 22. IAEA Control rooms and man-machine interface in nuclear power plants. Iaea-Tecdoc-565. 1990. 23. Morisseau D., Commission U.S.N.R., Halden N.- International Agreement Report A Study of Control Room Staffing Levels for Advanced Reactors Prepared by.(November 2000) 24. Piso E. Ergonomic Evaluation of Control Rooms: Two Case Studies. IFAC Proc. Vol. 1982. 14(2):3455–61. 25. De Carvalho P.V.R. Ergonomic field studies in a nuclear power plant control room. Prog. Nucl. Energy. 2006. 48(1):51–69. 26. Da Silva M.H., Legey A.P., Mól A.C.D.A. Review study of virtual reality techniques used at nuclear issues with emphasis on Brazilian research. Ann. Nucl. Energy. 2016. 87:192–7. 27. Silva L.C., Borges M.R.D.S., Carvalho P.V.R. Human factors evaluation in nuclear power plant control rooms using a mobile system to support collaborative observation. Prog. Nucl. Energy. 2012. 55:93–101.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

PTKRN Digital Library Mendeley