Muhammad Darwis Isnaini, Elfrida Saragi, Veronika Indriati Sri Wardani



Modeling of thermal-hydraulic calculations for the AP1000 core to predict the reactor pressure vessel (RPV) temperature has been carried out. The reactor’s primary coolant system transfers the heat produced in the reactor fuel during reactor operation to the steam generator. Part of the heat will also be transferred from the coolant to the reactor vessel and the pipe. This paper presents the calculation result of the RPV temperature prediction during AP1000 normal operation. Calculations were performed using COBRA-EN code for analyzing the core thermal hydraulics and using analytics for predicting the RPV temperature. These methods were carried out with the aim to predict the RPV temperature as well as at steady state nominal power conditions, at the function of flow, and at power fluctuation conditions. The calculation results at nominal power 3400 MWt (100% heat generated in fuel was assumed) and thermal design flow with 10% tube plugging (TDF2) of 48,443.7 ton/hr, for the minimum system pressure of 15.1 MPa, nominal system pressure of 15.513 MPa, and design system pressure of 17.133 MPa, show that the core outlet coolant temperature is 326.96°C, 327.01°C, and 327.22°C, and the RPV temperature is 303.65°C, 303.87°C, and 306.67°C, and the minimum departure from nucleate boiling ratio (MDNBR) is 3.21, 3.29, and 3.01, respectively. During reactor operation at a fixed nominal power of 3400 MWt, nominal system pressure, and under the condition of flow fluctuation, the maximum RPV temperature is shown to be 303.87°C.

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