Endiah Puji Hastuti, Sudjatmi K. Alfa, Sudarmono Sudarmono



Bandung TRIGA2000 Reactor, a General Atomic (GA)-made research reactor used for training, research andiIsotope production, has been upgraded to operate at power of 2000 kW using TRIGA fuel rod type. Recently, the TRIGA reactor fuel element producers are going to discontinue the production of TRIGA fuel element. To overcome the unavailability of TRIGA fuel element, BATAN planned to modify TRIGA2000 fuel type from rod-type to U3Si2-Al plate-type fuel with 19.75% enrichment, similar to the domestically fabricated one used in RSG-GAS. The carried out design emphasized on the determination of operation condition limits for setting the reactor protection system in accordance to the reactor safety calculation results. The conceptual design of the innovative fuel plate TRIGA reactor cooling system is expected to remove heat generated by fuels with nominal power of 1 MW up to 2 MW. The design is developed through modelling and safety analysis using COOLOD-N2 validated code. The safety margin is set to its flow instability at transient condition of the fuel plate, which is ≥ 2.38; departure from nucleate boiling ratio ≥1.50; and no onset of nucleate boiling, ΔTONB ≥ 0oC. The primary coolant flow rate accommodating the existing Bandung TRIGA reactor capability is as high as 50 kg/s. The analysis results show that at power of 1 MW, the reactor can safely operate, while at power of 2 MW the safety margin is exceeded. In other words, the plate TRIGA reactor that employs forced convection mode operates safely at 1 MW with excess power 120% of its nominal power.

Keywords: 1 MW, Thermalhydraulic design, Steady state condition, TRIGA plate, Constant flowrate

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