Isdandy Rezki Febrianto, Puradwi Ismu Wahyono, Suharni Suharni



The Center for Accelerator Science and Technology (PSTA) planned to install K500 concrete shield in its 13 MeV cyclotron facility (DECY-13). However, fast neutrons that are generated by this cyclotron could activate materials of the concrete. It may harm the radiation workers. In this work, we conducted simulations using ORIGEN2 and PHITS computer code to estimate the formed radioactivity and the neutron flux distribution in the DECY-13 cyclotron's concrete shield. Based on the simulation, the induced radioactivity is 2.3478 × 109 Bq, while its gamma dose rate is 22.09 µSv/m2h. The most contributed isotopes are Th-233, Ho-166, Al-28, Mn-56 and Si-31. This dose is quite high. Neutron fluxes in the rear of the simulated concrete shield are also still prominent. Accordingly, it is necessary to attach neutron shielding materials which do not generate high-intensity gamma-ray. The formed radioactivity is high; but it appears from the short half-life isotopes such as Th-233, Ho-166, Al-28, Mn-56 and Si-31. Its activity will diminish quickly after the cyclotron is off. Hence, it will be safe for radiation workers.

Keywords: Radioactivity, Concrete Shield, 13 MeV Cyclotron, Neutron Irradiation, DECY-13, PHITS

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