USE OF MEMBRANE EMULSION SPAN 80 AND TOPO IN URANIUM EXTRACTION AND STRIPPING

Kris Tri Basuki, Nurimaniwathy Nurimaniwathy, Dian Puspita, Bambang E H.B

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17146/urania.2016.22.3.3185

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ABSTRACT

USE OF MEMBRANE EMULSION SPAN 80 AND TOPO IN URANIUM EXTRACTION AND STRIPPING. Membrane emulsion span 80 and TOPO used in uranium extraction and stripping has been done. The extraction was carried outby emulsion membrane H3PO4 in TOPO-Kerosene. The feed or external aqueous phase was uranium in  HNO3. The emulgator span-80 was used to obtain a stable emulsion membrane system. The influence factors were percentage of TOPO-Kerosene, time extraction,  molarity of external aqueous phase and  molarity of internal aqueous. After the emulsion membrane was formed, the extractionand stripping process was performed. The ratio volume feed : volume membrane phase equal to 1 : 1 and volume of 5 % TOPO-Kerosene : Volume 3 M H3PO4 equal 1 : 1 were used. The relative good yield were obtained at concentration of TOPO in Kerosene and 3 M H3PO4 was 5 %, molarity of internal aqueous phase equal to 1 M, molarity of external aqueous phase 3 M H3PO4 and time extraction equalto 10 minutes with the speed of emulsification was 8000 rpm. At this condition the extraction efficiency of uranium obtained was 97.8 %, the stripping efficiency 52.56 %, and the total efficiency was 53.80 %.

Keywords: membrane emulsion, extraction, stripping, span 80, kerosene, uranium.


ABSTRAK

PENGGUNAAN MEMBRAN EMULSI SPAN 80 DAN TOPO UNTUK EKSTRASI DAN STRIPPING URANIUM. Telah dilakukan penelitian membran emulsi span 80 dan TOPO yang digunakan untuk ekstraksi uranium. Extraksi dengan membran emulsi H3PO4 dalam TOPO-Kerosen. Larutan umpan untuk fasa air eksternal adalah uranium dalam asam nitrat. Untuk memperoleh sistem emulsi yang stabil dipakai emulgator Span 80. Parameter yang berpengaruh adalah persen TOPO-Kerosene, molaritas fasa air internal H3PO4, molaritas fasa air eksternal HNO3 dan waktu ekstraksi. Setelah diperoleh membran emulsi, kemudian dilakukan proses ekstraksi dan stripping, dengan rasio volume umpan : volume membran sebesar 1 : 1; volume 5% TOPO-Kerose : volume 3M H3PO4 sebesar 1 : 1. Hasil relatif lebih baik diperoleh pada konsen-trasi TOPO Kerosene: volume  3 M H3PO4 adalah 5 %, molaritas larutan fasa internal sebesar 1 M, molaritas larutan fasa eksternal adalah 3 M H3PO4 dan waktu ekstraksi sebesar 10 menit dengan kecepatan emulsi 8000 rpm. Pada kondisi ini diperoleh effisiensi ekstraksi uranium 97,8 %, efisiensi stripping 52,56 % dan efisiensi total adalah 53,8 %.

Kata Kunci : membran emulsi, ekstraksi, stripping, span 80, kerosen, uranium.


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p-ISSN 0852-4777 | e-ISSN 2528-0473