Laju Sedimentasi di Dataran Banjir Sungai Ciujung Hulu Berdasarkan Profil Pb-210 Excess

Barokah Aliyanta, Nita Suhartini

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17146/eksplorium.2018.39.1.4165

Sari


Laju deposisi sedimen di dataran banjir merupakan salah satu komponen dalam budget sedimen daerah aliran sungai (DAS). Oleh karena itu, perlu dilakukan perhitungan estimasi laju deposisi sedimen di dua lokasi dataran banjir berdasarkan penanggalan umur sedimen dengan teknik Pb-210 excess. Core sedimen diambil di dataran banjir Sungai Ciujung Hulu tiap interval kedalaman 10 cm sampai kedalaman 120 cm. Sedimen yang didapat dikeringkan, diayak, ditimbang 150–300 gr, ditempatkan dalam wadah khusus dan ditutup rapat. Setelah sebulan dalam kondisi tertutup rapat, sampel diukur dengan spektrometer gamma Multichannel analyzer (MCA) untuk mengetahui aktivitas Pb-210 total dan Pb-210 supported. Berdasarkan data Pb-210 total dan Pb-210 supported, terdapat tiga cara berbeda untuk mendapatkan profil Pb-210 excess. Data Pb-210 excess yang diperoleh digunakan untuk menghitung umur sedimen berdasarkan metode constant of the rate of supply (CRS). Melalui umur tiap perlapisan sedimen ini, dapat diketahui adanya zona peralihan laju deposisi sedimen di kedua lokasi. Laju sedimentasi berkisar 1,028 cm/tahun dari tahun 1968 s/d 1987, dan naik menjadi sekitar 2,83 cm/tahun dari tahun 1987–2016 (28,95 tahun) di lokasi 1. Di lokasi 2, laju sedimentasi berkisar 0,676 cm/tahun dari tahun 1950–1993, dan naik menjadi kisaran 3,231 cm/tahun dari kurun waktu tahun 1993–2016 (23 tahun).

 

The rate of deposition of sediment on the floodplain area is one of the constituent component of the sediment budget in watersheds. Therefore, the sedimentation rate estimation has been made in two locations of the floodplains based on the age sediment obtained using Pb-210 excess technique. Sediment cores were taken in the Ciujung Hulu River floodplain every 10 cm depth intervals up to a depth of 120 cm. Sediment was obtained then dried, disaggregated, sifted, weighing 150300 gr, placed into the special containers and tightly closed. After a month in a sealed condition, samples were measured using gamma spectrometer Multichannel analyzer (MCA) to find out the activity of Pb-210 total and Pb-210 supported. Based on the data of Pb-210 total and Pb-210 supported, there are three different ways to get Pb-210 excess profiles. Obtained Pb-210 excess data is used to calculate the age of the sediments on the basis of the method of constant rate of supply (CRS). Through the age of sediment layers, can be recognized the existence of transitional zone of sediment deposition rate at both locations. The rate of sedimentation ranged from 1.028 cm/year from the years 19681987, and rose to about 2.83 cm/year from the years 19872016 (28.95 years) at location 1. While in location 2, the rate of sedimentation ranged 0.676 cm/year from the years 19501993, and rose to about 3.231 cm/year from the years 19932016 (2 years).


Kata Kunci


Pb-210 excess; CRS; umur sedimen; laju sedimentasi

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Referensi


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