Upstream Hydraulic Interconnection Study of Gunungkidul Karst Area Underground Rivers

Paston Sidauruk, Satrio Satrio, Evarista Ristin Pujiindiyati, Barokah Aliyanta

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17146/eksplorium.2017.38.2.3715

Sari


Abstract

Hydraulic interconnection of Jomblangan cave (Petung) with other caves and water discharges in Gunungkidul karst area has been investigated using tracer techniques and variationof stable isotopes and hydrochemical data interpretation from water samples near the cave. Many studies related to the interconnections of underground rivers around Gunungkidul Karst area have been conducted, most of them, however, focused on the area around Bribin and Seropan caves. This is because of the development activites of microhydro turbines to lift the water from underground river were still focused around Bribin and Seropan caves. Petung cave, located in the north of Bribin and Seropan caves, was believed to be one of the caves at the upstream river system of Bribin and Seropan, however, there is no evidence yet of the hydraulic interconnection between Petung cave with either Bribin or Seropan caves. The results of tracer technique at the current study showed that there was no hydraulic interconnection between Petung cave with either Bribin and Seropan caves.On the other hand, the study showed an indication of a direct flow from Petung cave to Sriti and Beton springs. The travel times from Petung to Sriti and Beton springs were found to be around 2 and 10 hours, respectively. This finding is also in agreement with the results of chemical and stable isotopes analysis from the research location.

 

Abstrak

Penelitian keterhubungan Gua Jomblangan (Petung) dengan gua lainnya dan keluaran air di sekitar daerah karst Gunungkidul telah dilakukan dengan menggunakan teknik perunut dan variasi kandungan isotop stabil serta hidrokimia sampel air di sekitar gua. Penelitian yang berkaitan dengan keterhubungan antara sistim aliran bawah tanah di sekitar daerah karst Gunungkidul telah banyak dilakukan, namun sebagian besar dari penelitian tersebut hanya berpusat pada gua di sekitar Bribin dan Seropan. Hal ini terjadi karena kegiatan pembangunan turbin-turbin mikrohidro untuk mengangkat air dari sungai bawah permukaan tanah masih terfokus di daerah gua Bribin dan Seropan. Gua Petung, yang berada di sebelah utara gua Bribin dan Seropan, dipercaya merupakan salah satu gua yang berada di hulu sistim sungai bawah tanah Bribin dan Seropan, namun, sampai sekarang belum ada bukti keterhubungan hidrolika antara gua Petung dengan gua Bribin maupun dengan gua Seropan.Hasil uji perunut dalam penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa aliran air bawah tanah di gua Petung tidak berhubungan langsung dengan aliran bawah tanah di gua Bribin maupun di gua Seropan. Sebaliknya, hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan adanya aliran langsung dari gua Petung ke mata air Sriti dan Beton. Waktu tempuh yang dibutuhkan dari gua Petung ke mata air Sriti adalah sekitar 2 jam dan ke mata air Beton adalah sekitar 10 jam. Temuan ini sangat bersesuaian dengan hasil analisis kimia air dan isotop stabil dari lokasi penelitian.


Kata Kunci


Gunungkidul; karst; deuterium; oxygen-18; hydrochemistry; tracer test; underground rivers; caves

Teks Lengkap:

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Referensi


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